European Commission publishes a ‘Get Started’ Guide to Brexit.
The United Kingdom (UK) will leave the European Union (EU) at midnight CET [23:00 GMT] on Friday 29 March 2019) – and in that instant, the UK will be a ‘third’ country.
The European Commission has today issued a guide with the key message that It is now urgent that businesses in the EU start preparing for the UK’s withdrawal, if they have not yet done so.
1. YOU NEED TO PREPARE FOR 30 MARCH 2019
If the Withdrawal Agreement is ratified before 30 March 2019, most of the legal effects of Brexit will apply as of 1 January 2021 - at the end of a transition period of 21 months.
In the absence of a Withdrawal Agreement, there will be no transition period and EU law will cease to apply in the UK as of 30 March 2019.
The negotiations between the EU and the UK on the terms of the Withdrawal Agreement are still ongoing. Even when negotiations have concluded, the Withdrawal Agreement will still need to be ‘ratified’.
During the transition period, the UK will not be a Member State of the EU.
Therefore, all businesses concerned have to prepare, make all necessary decisions, and complete all required administrative actions, before 30 March 2019 in order to avoid disruption.
2. RESPONSIBILITIES IN THE SUPPLY CHAIN
Under EU law, businesses have different responsibilities depending on where they are situated in the supply chain (e.g. manufacturer, importer, wholesale distributor, etc.). For example, post-Brexit, if EU27 businesses that buy goods from the UK are considered as importers for the purposes of EU product legislation, they will have another set of obligations under EU law. If you receive products from the UK, you should assess your responsibilities under EU law now.
3. CERTIFICATES, LICENSES, AND AUTHORISATIONS
If your activity relies on certificates, licenses or authorisations issued by UK authorities or by bodies based in the UK – or held by someone established in the UK – these may no longer be valid in the EU post-Brexit. You may need to transfer or seek new ones issued by an EU27-based body or authority.
This is the case, in particular, for certificates, licenses and authorisations issued for goods (for example in the automotive sector, or the medical devices sector) and for services (for instance in the transport, broadcasting, or the financial sector). You should now take all the necessary steps to transfer certificates, licences or authorisations issued in the UK to the EU27, or obtain new ones.
4. CUSTOMS, VAT AND EXCISE
For customs and indirect tax, it makes a big difference if you are moving goods within the EU or to/from a third country. Doing business with the UK post-Brexit will become more complex in terms of customs and VAT procedures. If you trade with companies in the UK, you should get acquainted with the EU procedures and rules that will apply post-Brexit, in particular if you have so far had little or no experience in trading with third countries.
5. RULES OF ORIGIN
When exporting products to third countries with which the EU has a Free Trade Agreement, exporters may enjoy a preferential tariff rate if the products have enough «EU content» according to rules of origin. Post-Brexit, you can no longer count on UK input to the finished product being considered as EU content. You should therefore examine your supply chains and start treating any UK input as “non-originating”, in order to ensure EU preferential origin for your goods.
6. PROHIBITIONS AND RESTRICTIONS FOR IMPORT/EXPORT OF GOODS
To protect health and safety and the environment, EU rules restrict the import/export of certain goods to and from third countries – for example, live animals, products of animal origin, and some plants and plant products, such as wood packaging. Imports/exports of certain commodities are subject to specific permits or notifications, for example in the case of radioactive material, waste, or some chemicals.
Post-Brexit, goods destined to or coming from the UK will be subject to these EU rules. You should take the necessary steps to ensure compliance with the EU’s import/export prohibitions and restrictions.
7. TRANSFER OF PERSONAL DATA
Currently, personal data can flow freely between the Member States of the EU. Post-Brexit, the transfer of personal data from the EU to the UK is still possible, but it will be subject to specific conditions set in EU law. Companies that are currently transmitting personal data to the UK should be aware that this will become a 'transfer' of personal data to a third country.
If the UK’s level of personal data protection is essentially equivalent to that of the EU, and certain conditions are fulfilled, the European Commission may adopt an adequacy decision which allows for transfer of personal data to the UK without restrictions. However, companies should assess whether, in the absence of an adequacy decision, measures are necessary to ensure that these transfers remain possible.
FURTHER INFORMATION AND GUIDANCE
EUROPEAN COMMISSION’S PREPAREDNESS NOTICES
Brexit will impact businesses in the EU27 in many other ways too. For example: rules for companies registered solely in the UK but conducting business in the EU27; compliance of goods placed into the EU market; choice of auditors; choice of jurisdiction in contracts; and the recognition of professional qualifications. The European Commission’s preparedness notices will help identify such changes as may affect your business.
As at July 2018, The European Commission has published over 60 preparedness notices on a wide range of economic sectors. They are meant to help all market participants prepare.
Additional information and impact analyses are continually updated by Brexit Partners. Contact us today for more details.
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